Ancient Egyptian Stones & Crystals

 

Amethyst was used by the Ancient Egyptians for its ability to bestow spiritual insight.  The Ancient Egyptians also wore jewels made of Amethyst.
Alabaster is a stone made of calcite and was used by the Ancient Egyptians to make small objects such as vases, bowls, and lamps.
Alum (found in powdered form) was used in protective amulets against evil.
Amazonite was obtained by the Ancient Egyptians from numerous possible sources in the Eastern desert of Egypt.  It was used by the Ancient Egyptians to a limited degree for beads, inlay, and small items.
Amber (Baltic amber) was used in Ancient Egypt for amulets and jewellery. Amber amulets were worn to provide fertility.  Ancient Egyptians actually used pine resin as an embalming agent of which amber comes from.
Aquamarine was the sea-goddesses of Ancient Egypt’s stone. Aquamarine is a protective amulet and can be worn to relieve pain and ensure good health. Beads of aquamarine were found in Ancient Egyptian mummy pits.
Azurite was used by the priests and priestesses of Ancient Egypt to enhance their spiritual consciousness.
Basalt was used by the Ancient Egyptians for stone coffins and sometimes for statues and small objects.
Bloodstone was used in Ancient Egypt to open doors and break bonds (mental/spiritual kind). Its most famous use is to halt bleeding and it was always carried by soldiers.   It was also worn to cure fevers and as a general health giving talisman.  The Ancient Egyptians called this stone hematite; although what we call hematite today is a different stone entirely.
Blue Lace Agate was highly regarded as a stone of protection and good luck. Country of origin is Egypt.
Breccia has fragments of one type of stone embedded in another. Two types of breccia were available to the Ancient Egyptians – a green variety found in the eastern desert, and a red-and-white variety found in the western desert and along the Nile. Breccia was used by the Ancient Egyptians for vases and other objects.
Carnelian was used by the Ancient Egyptians to make amulets and it was one of the stones that the high priest wore in his breastplate. It was revered by ancient shamans as being sacred and a protector. Carnelian was the stone of good luck and was shaped into shields, amulets, and hearts.   It was also carved into insignia seals because it didn’t stick to wax.  Ancient Egyptian tombs are full of examples of carnelian jewels, because of their belief in the stone’s power in the afterlife. According to the Ancient Egyptians amulets of carnelian could prove helpful in ensuring the Ka’s (the soul’s) passage into the next world.
Chalcedony was used by the Ancient Egyptians around 3000 B.C. Chrysoprase was the beautiful, apple green form of chalcedony which the Ancient Egyptians used. It was said to improve perception, both physical as well as mental and it improves eyesight and enhances psychic perception as well. Ancient Egyptians set it with Lapis.
Coral was the stone of Isis and it was used in Ancient Egypt for its healing properties, to regulate menstruation and for agriculture purposes.  In Ancient Egypt powdered coral was mixed with seed and sown or scattered over newly planted fields.  This protected the growing crops from inclement weather and insects.  Coral was also hung on fruit trees to increase their yield. It was extensively used in Ancient Egypt (sculpting of scarabs) and in jewellery.
Diorite was a stone used by the Ancient Egyptians for statues, bowls, and other fine objects.
Eilat Stone is a combination of Chrysocolla, Turquoise and Copper and it is found in Eilat, Egypt.  A stone used today (as no information suggest the AE used it) to help attain growth and wisdom.
Emerald (beryl) is the stone of Isis and was mined by the Ancient Egyptians. Emeralds have always been highly prized by royalty and Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt wore emeralds from her mine in Upper Egypt. The Ancient Egyptians believed it stood for fertility and rebirth. It was also used as a protection from enchantment and to cure eye diseases.
Fluorite was used by the Ancient Egyptians in statues and in carving scarabs. Ancient physicians used powdered fluorite in water to relieve kidney disease.
Garnet can be traced to the Nile Delta in 3100 B.C. Ancient Egyptian artisans created beautiful garnet beads, bracelets and other jewellery. In Ancient Egypt garnets were used widely as an abrasive.
Granite was used by the Ancient Egyptians for buildings, tombs, and statues.
Hematite was used by the Ancient Egyptians in the creation of their magical amulets such as the carpenter square, headrest amulets and several heart amulets. It was used as an inscription stone for passages from the Book of the Dead. The Ancient Egyptians used it to treat hysteria, to reduce inflammation, and to place in tombs. The hematite that the Ancient Egyptians used was of the crystalline type being black, opaque, and having a metallic lustre. They also used hematite for beads, amulets, kohl sticks and other small ornamental objects.
Jade is the stone of Ma’at and was a mineral found in Ancient Egyptian jewellery and the walls of their tombs and pyramids.  It was probably sourced from Asia with whom they were trading with at the time.
Jasper was one of the stones used in the breastplate of the high priest.  It was revered and considered a sacred, protective stone which facilitated safe astral travel. It was used in Ancient Egypt to make scarab amulets from red jasper as it was considered a symbol of eternal life.  Jasper, with light and dark brown markings was referred to as “Egyptian Marble”.    Green jasper had been engraved with the image of a dragon surrounded by rays was worn by the Ancient Egyptian King Nechepsus to strengthen his digestive tract.
Lapis Lazuli was called “sapphire” by Ancient Egyptians because it was considered to be the most precious stone. Because of its deep blue colour, lapis was a symbol of the heavens and was widely used as a magical stone for worshipping purposes. The Ancient Egyptians used it to open the door between conscious self and higher self, creating harmony between mind, body and spirit, to reveal one’s inner truth, deepen intuition, psychic awareness and as a tool for dreams and “illumination”. They pulverized lapis and made it into a poultice, which was then rubbed into the crown of the head to draw out spiritual impurities. It’s the stone of Isis and her child Horus since it’s associated with motherhood.  Ancient Egyptians called the stone “chesbet” commonly fashioning scarabs from it. Lapis was also considered to be a royal stone and the Chief Justice of Ancient Egypt wore a lapis amulet carved with the Goddess Ma’at (Goddess of Truth) as it was thought to give wisdom and fairness to its wearer and increase spiritual love.  They also believed lapis to be sacred and burned it with their dead to protect and guide them in the afterlife.
Limestone was the first stone used for building in Ancient Egypt.  It was taken from the rocky cliffs where some of the earliest tombs were carved into the stone.
Malachite was used to make green paint in Ancient Egyptian artwork.  Green represented life and growing things.  It was also a stone dedicated to Hathor as it was believed that malachite was a stone for womanhood as it enhanced seduction, sensuality, aesthetics and the arts. The pharaohs often had their headdresses lined with malachite to help them rule wisely.
Moonstone is the stone of Isis and provides contact with the Ancient Egyptian builders.  It can be used to initiate insight into the ancient methods and associated wisdom of that time.
Orthoclase is a stone which provides contact with the Ancient Egyptian builders and can be used to initiate into the ancient methods and associated wisdom.
Pearl is the stone of Isis. Pearl, like amber, jet, and mother of pearl, is the product of a living creature. Since the oyster must be killed to obtain the pearl, the use of pearls may carry a heavy debt. The Romans imported pearls from Egypt were they were worn to grant favours from Isis. The Ancient Egyptians believed they were connected with the moon, so they could only be worn at night for magic.
Peridot was used in Ancient Egypt for healing and as jewels. It was considered the “gem of the sun”. Peridot was used to keep away evil spiritus and to develop its full strength as a talisman it had to be set in gold. Ancient Egyptian miners searched for Peridot crystals at night where they would mark the spot, then come back in the daylight to dig them up.  Peridot was greatly prized by Ancient Egyptian Kings and some of Cleopatra’s emeralds were in fact Peridot.
Quartz was used by the Ancient Egyptians for diagnostic healing, raising consciousness towards enlightened states, communications with spirits and those from other words.  It was also used it for digestive disorders.
Quartzite was used by the Ancient Egyptians for buildings, tombs, and monuments. The Ancient Egyptians called it ‘wonderful.’ Statues of kings were often carved of quartzite. It came in many colours and white, yellow, and red were symbols of the Sun.
Roselite is used as a window access to the traditions of Ancient Egypt and can help translate the hieroglyphs.
Serpentine was common in Egypt’s eastern desert and the Ancient Egyptians used it for small objects, magical stone posts, and amulets to ward off snakes and scorpions.
Serpentine was common in Egypt’s eastern desert. Ancient Egyptians used serpentine for small objects, magical stone posts, and amulets to ward off snakes and scorpions.
Tigers Eye was found in Ancient Egyptian tombs and these stones were shaped into shields, amulets, and hearts. The Ancient Egyptians used tiger’s eye stone for amulets to transmit the power of Ra, the sun god, for it is said Tiger’s Eye contained the power of the sun and of the earth.
Topaz is a projective stone and is the stone of the Ancient Egyptian sun god Ra. The colour of yellow topaz symbolized Ra, the god of the sun to the Ancient Egyptians. Topaz has been worn as an amulet to protect against evils, to strengthen intellect, and prevent bad dreams. It was also said if you wore topaz you would be invisible, beautiful, intelligent, and have a long life. All of these powers could come and go with the changes of the moon. It was believed that topaz worn as an amulet (mounted in gold and hung around the neck) could drive away sadness, strengthen the intellect and bestow courage. Topaz was believed in wine was used as a cure for asthma, insomnia, burns and haemorrhages. It was also claimed to calm angry tempers and prevent bad dreams.
Tsavorite (Green Garnet) is used to contact Egyptian Gods who represent learning, prudence, wisdom and magic.
Turquoise was the stone of Hathor and was worn as a powerful talisman against evil spells, and to promote good health, happiness and friendship. Turquoise stones were shaped into shields, amulets and hearts. The Ancient Egyptians considered it a symbol of prosperity.  Ancient doctors exploited the stone’s medicinal potential by making it into a paste to treat ailments of the hip. They also mounted turquoise in silver to treat eyes suffering from cataracts.  It was an important ornamental mineral for jewellery and bracelets worn by the Ancient Egyptians as it graced the necks of Egyptian Pharaohs.  It has been found in tombs and the Ancient Egyptian miners had to go deep into the Arabian Desert to find turquoise.
© T. Georgitsis 2003 

Refferences:

Love Is in the Earth: A Kaleidoscope of Crystals (Love is in the Earth) by  Melody

Earth-Love Publishing House Ltd, 1995

ISBN: 0962819034

The Crystal Bible: A Definitive Guide to Crystals by Judy Hall

Published by Walking Stick Press, 2003

ISBN: 1582972400

Cunningham’s Encyclopedia of Crystal, Gem & Metal Magic by Scott Cunningham

Llewellyn Publications, 2002

ISBN: 0875421261

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