Athenian Calendar 2018/19 (Southern Hemisphere)

greece-1594689_1920

The best time to honor Hekate is the Deipnon and Noumenia.  With that said, every year I create an Athenian Calendar to calculate the Deipnon and Noumenia using the Southern Hemisphere New Moons, to ensure my devotions are on the right evenings from my location.  This is calculated by the start off point of the Summer Solstice in Greece of that particular year.

The Athenian Calendar also known as the Attic Calendar was a lunisolar calendar used during the classical period of Ancient Greece during the 4th and 5th Centuries BC.  It was exclusively used in Athens at the time and each month starts at the first sighting of the new moon, with the year beginning just after mid-summer.  It’s become a modern go to for practicing Hellenics and as such, what we use and have today is a reconstruction of what they used around 300-500 BC.  I have superimposed this Athenian Calendar over our modern Gregorian one, to loosely create a festival calendar of 12 months based on the cycle of the moon which starts at the beginning of the Athenian year – on the summer solstice in Athens. The names of the months reflect the gods and festivals honored at that time and have agricultural links to the planting or harvesting of food in the northern hemisphere.

Here is what the yearly Athenian Calendar basically looks like:

Summer (Θέρος)

1          Hekatombaion (Ἑκατομβαιών)           July/August

2          Metageitnion (Μεταγειτνιών)             August/September (named after Apollo)

3          Boedromion (Βοηδρομιών)                September/October

Autumn (Φθινόπωρον)

4          Pyanepsion (Πυανεψιών)                    October/November

5          Maimakterion (Μαιμακτηριών)          November/December (named after Zeus)

6          Poseideon (Ποσειδεών)                      December/January

Winter (Χεῖμα)

7          Gamelion (Γαμηλιών)                         January/February

8          Anthesterion (Ἀνθεστηριών)              February/March (named after the festival of Anthesteria)

9          Elaphebolion (Ἑλαφηβολιών)             March/April

Spring (Ἔαρ)

10        Mounichion (Μουνιχιών)                    April/May

11        Thargelion (Θαργηλιών)                     May/June

12        Skirophorion (Σκιροφοριών)              June/July

delphi-1178710_1920

Every month lasts for approximately 29-30 days in total.  Each month is broken up into 10 days of three which reflect the moon phases in the following order: Waxing, Full and Waning Moons.

Days 1 to 8 were all sacred to gods or spirit entities and the last day of the month, known as “hene kai nea” translated as “the old and the new”, is dedicate to Hekate as it’s her Deipnon along with the first day of the month, Noumenia which is also dedicated to Hekate.

Here are the details of those 8 sacred days in the Athenian Calendar month:

Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon)

Day 2: Agathos Daimon

Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

Day 29-30: Deipnon

ancient-1016926_1920

To get you all started with adapting the Athenian Calendar to the Gregorian one, here is the Athenian Calendar I created for 2018, calculated for Southern Hemisphere practitioners:

21 June 2018, 1.07pm = Summer Solstice in Greece (Winter Solstice in Australia 8.07pm)

Summer (Θέρος)

1          Hekatombaion (Ἑκατομβαιών) July/August

13 July                   Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 12.47pm – Super New Moon & Athenian New Year

14 July                   Day 2: Agathos Daimon

15 July                   Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

16 July                   Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

17 July                   Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

18 July                   Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

19 July                   Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

10 August              Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

2          Metageitnion (Μεταγειτνιών) August/September (named after Apollo)

11 August               Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 7.57pm – Super New Moon

12 August               Day 2: Agathos Daimon

13 August               Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

14 August               Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

15 August               Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

16 August               Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

17 August               Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

9 September           Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

3          Boedromion (Βοηδρομιών) September/October

10 September         Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 4.01am

11 September         Day 2: Agathos Daimon

12 September         Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

13 September         Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

14 September         Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

15 September         Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

16 September         Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

8 October                Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

Autumn (Φθινόπωρον)

4          Pyanepsion (Πυανεψιών) October/November

9 October               Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 2.46pm

10 October             Day 2: Agathos Daimon

11 October             Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

12 October             Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

13 October             Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

14 October             Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

15 October             Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

7 November           Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

5          Maimakterion (Μαιμακτηριών) November/December (named after Zeus)

8 November           Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 3.01am

9 November           Day 2: Agathos Daimon

10 November         Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

11 November         Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

12 November         Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

13 November         Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

14 November         Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

6 December            Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

6          Poseideon (Ποσειδεών) December/January

7 December           Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 6.20am

8 December           Day 2: Agathos Daimon

9 December           Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

10 December         Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

11 December         Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

12 December         Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

13 December         Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

5 January 2019      Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

(C) T. Georgitsis 2018

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s