Athenian Calendar 2018/19 (Southern Hemisphere)

The best time to honor Hekate is the Deipnon and Noumenia.  With that said, every year I create an Athenian Calendar to calculate the Deipnon and Noumenia using the Southern Hemisphere New Moons, to ensure my devotions are on the right evenings from my location.  This is calculated by the start off point of the Summer Solstice in Greece of that particular year.

The Athenian Calendar also known as the Attic Calendar was a lunisolar calendar used during the classical period of Ancient Greece during the 4th and 5th Centuries BC.  It was exclusively used in Athens at the time and each month starts at the first sighting of the new moon, with the year beginning just after mid-summer.  It’s become a modern go to for practicing Hellenics and as such, what we use and have today is a reconstruction of what they used around 300-500 BC.  I have superimposed this Athenian Calendar over our modern Gregorian one, to loosely create a festival calendar of 12 months based on the cycle of the moon which starts at the beginning of the Athenian year – on the summer solstice in Athens. The names of the months reflect the gods and festivals honoured at that time and have agricultural links to the planting or harvesting of food in the northern hemisphere.

Here is what the yearly Athenian Calendar basically looks like:

Summer (Θέρος)

1          Hekatombaion (Ἑκατομβαιών)           July/August

2          Metageitnion (Μεταγειτνιών)             August/September (named after Apollo)

3          Boedromion (Βοηδρομιών)                September/October

Autumn (Φθινόπωρον)

4          Pyanepsion (Πυανεψιών)                    October/November

5          Maimakterion (Μαιμακτηριών)          November/December (named after Zeus)

6          Poseideon (Ποσειδεών)                      December/January

Winter (Χεῖμα)

7          Gamelion (Γαμηλιών)                         January/February

8          Anthesterion (Ἀνθεστηριών)              February/March (named after the festival of Anthesteria)

9          Elaphebolion (Ἑλαφηβολιών)             March/April

Spring (Ἔαρ)

10        Mounichion (Μουνιχιών)                    April/May

11        Thargelion (Θαργηλιών)                     May/June

12        Skirophorion (Σκιροφοριών)              June/July

 

Every month lasts for approximately 29-30 days in total.  Each month is broken up into 10 days of three which reflect the moon phases in the following order: Waxing, Full and Waning Moons.

Days 1 to 8 were all sacred to gods or spirit entities and the last day of the month, known as “hene kai nea” translated as “the old and the new”, is dedicate to Hekate as it’s her Deipnon along with the first day of the month, Noumenia which is also dedicated to Hekate.

Here are the details of those 8 sacred days in the Athenian Calendar month:

Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon)

Day 2: Agathos Daimon

Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

Day 29-30: Deipnon

To get you all started with adapting the Athenian Calendar to the Gregorian one, here is the Athenian Calendar I created for 2019, calculated for Southern Hemisphere practitioners:

21 June 2019, = Summer Solstice in Greece (Winter Solstice in Australia 22nd June 1.54am EST)

 

Summer (Θέρος)

1 Hekatombaion (Ἑκατομβαιών)

3 July              Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 5.16am Athenian New Year

4 July              Day 2: Agathos Daimon

5 July              Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

6 July              Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

7 July              Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

8 July              Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

9 July              Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

31 July            Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

2 Metageitnion (Μεταγειτνιών) (named after Apollo)

1 August         Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 1.11pm

2 August         Day 2: Agathos Daimon

3 August         Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

4 August         Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

5 August         Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

6 August         Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

7 August         Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

29 August       Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

3 Boedromion (Βοηδρομιών)

30 August       Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 8.37pm

31 August       Day 2: Agathos Daimon

1 September   Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

2 September   Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

3 September   Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

4 September   Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

5 September   Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

28 September Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

Autumn (Φθινόπωρον)

4 Pyanepsion (Πυανεψιών)

29 September Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 4.26am

30 September Day 2: Agathos Daimon

1 October        Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

2 October        Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

3 October        Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

4 October        Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

5 October        Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

27 October      Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

5 Maimakterion (Μαιμακτηριών) (named after Zeus)

28 October      Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 2.38pm

29 October      Day 2: Agathos Daimon

30 October      Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

31 October      Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

1 November    Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

2 November    Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

2 November    Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

26 November  Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

6 Poseideon (Ποσειδεών)

27 November  Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 2.05am

28 November  Day 2: Agathos Daimon

29 November  Day 3: Athena’s Birthday

30 November  Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros

1 December    Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday

2 December    Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday

3 December    Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)

25 December  Day 29-30: Deipnon

 

(C) T. Georgitsis 2019

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