Hekate is a Chthonic Greek Goddess who preceded the Olympian gods and was also a Titaness. Daughter of Perses and the Star Goddess Ateria and Granddaughter of Phoebe, Titanus of the Moon. Hekate aided Zeus in the battle of the Titans and therefore was not expelled like the other Titans were when Zeus formed the Olympian pantheon. Hekate also played a part in Persephone’s story in which she helped Demeter, Persephone’s mother in finding her after Persephone went into Hades (wether by force or by her own volition) and thereafter became Persephone’s guide when the later, travelled to the underworld for her yearly journey.
Hekate’s name means “she operates from afar”, “she removes or drives off” “the far reaching one” or “the far-darter”. She is shown as an ageless goddess who in later times was sometimes depicted with three human faces or three animal faces. These faces consisted either of a dog, snake, horse, cow or boar, all which faced different directions and refers to Hekate’s triple nature and the realms she has dominion over – the sky, sea and earth. Hekate is also sometimes depicted with dogs at her side whilst at other times shown alongside other gods (like Hermes and Kybele) or children.
Hekate having dominion over the sky, sea and earth is also known as the Goddess of the crossroads, liminal places, witchcraft, magick, herbology, necromancy, cosmic world soul, mistress of animals, aider to women in childbirth, mistress of the dead and guide of ghosts. She is patron of sorcerers and witches and in ancient times was prayed to by athletes, solders, fishermen, farmers and merchants alike for favour in their various endeavours as well as being a common goddess venerated in household shrines. Shrines to Hekate were placed at doorways and crossroads where offerings were made on her sacred day Deipnon (Dark Moon) which was the last day of the month in the Athenian calendar and again on the Noumenia (New Moon) on the first day of the next month. Hekate’s main site of worship was in Lagina (modern Turkey) but she had shrines scattered throughout ancient Anatolia and Greece.
Hekate’s symbols include keys, torches, the moon, snakes, dagers and is a goddess who bestows her blessings in the form of protection, prosperity, prophesy, proficiency in communing with the dead and the performance of magick. Sacred offerings to her include: milk oak, yew, honey, garlic, cypress, aconite, belladonna, dittany, mandrake, and pomegranates.
This was one of the first descriptions I wrote publicly of Hekate years ago…
(C) T. Georgitsis
Winter Solstice also known as Yule is the day with the shortest amount of daylight and the longest amount of night. Symbolically it marks the death and rebirth of the sun and it falls between Samhain and the Spring Equinox and due to this manifests as the darkest period of the year yet is also a turning point where the days become longer. It symbolises the darkest time of year and marks the returning of the light due to its time of seasonal transition. The winter solstice marks the sun as its lowest elevation in the sky and the reason it contains the longest night of the year. This year in the Southern Hemisphere calendar it falls on Monday the 21st of June at 1.32pm. Gods such as Hekate, Persephone, Demeter, Dionysus, Helios, Poseidon, Zeus, Hera, Hathor, Sekhmet, Osiris, Horus, Neith, Nephthys, Spider Woman, Ameratasu, Saturn, Odin, Bona Dea, Mithras, Holy King, Hod, Frigga, Frau Holle, Cailleach and Baldurcan all be honoured during this time of year.
I have celebrated Yule with groups of people in a magickal setting such as a working lodge, coven and magickal order. The one thing which I found which linked them all together was the coming together to celebrate the light and the darkness whilst sharing food and gifts.
One of the fondest memories I have during this time of year is celebrating the winter solstice through creating handmade gifts. I spend considerable time planning on what to make and then following through by crafting gifts which are unique and special. The first thing I ever recall making was for my first coven where I sculpted and fired a set of runes and hand sewed an accompanying bag to contain them in. This took a significant amount of energy and effort and was placed in a sack of gifts to be randomly selected by one coven member in the middle of our coven’s winter solstice ritual. Imagine my surprise when one of my coven members whom I was closest to (and who has become a lifelong friend) chose it at random and had been wanting a set of runes which turned out to feature her favourite colour (they were coloured green and purple).
I personally like to hand make gifts during this time of year usually involving items which feature divination, light, purification, seeds, woods and herbs harvested and collected. I also love to cook, bake and prepare food which is consumed, shared or given to loved ones including the following: citrus preserves such as salt preserved lemons and Cointreau marmalade, soup (lentil/beans/barley and root vegetable, Greek chicken soup), stew (barley, beans, lentil, cholent andcoq au vin), bread (Greek sweetbread, olive loaf and garlic and feta loaf), gingerbread (especially witches houses/cottages), shortbread (various Greek ones), lamb or beef roast, dumplings and baked spiced rice stuffed into vegetables.
Since this time tends to fall on my personal anniversary (we got together on the winter solstice) for me it also involves going out for an intimate meal with my partner and exchanging thoughtful gifts.
I feel that Hekate resonates with this time of the year for various reasons. One being that this is a liminal time where she has dominion between the darkness and the light. In this time she encourages and enables us to turn our attention to the presence of the promise of new things to come. As the time of growth and movement is before us Hekate beckons us to straddle the in-between time and to use this time for the power it contains.
I personally like to honour Hekate during this time and make offerings of apples, pomegranates, garlic, onions, mead, beer, wine, bread, barley, nuts, lilies, pine, mistletoe, juniper, holly, frankincense, myrrh, cedar, bay, chamomile and roots from dandelions.
I also like to make items for Hekate which resonate with the season mostly wands collected from wood during the summer, candle anointing oil blends, herb pouches for dreaming, health and wealth, candles which illuminate, soap which cleanses, incense using dried herbs from the summer, book and journal covers with locally sourced materials or upcycled materials, various art pieces with paints, ink, photography and/or several thread types (in recent years its been all about the land, sea and sky) and beaded jewellery such as ethically sourced crystal necklaces which can also be used as meditation or manifestation beads.
In the garden now is the time to plant:
Vegetables such as artichoke, asparagus, beans, beetroot, broad beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, capsicum, carrot, cauliflower, celery, chillies, corn, cucumber, endive, kale, leek, lettuce, melons, okra, onion, parsnip, peas, pumpkins, radish, rhubarb, shallots, silver beet, snow peas, spinach, tomatoes, turnip and zucchinis
Herbs such as garlic, basil, chives, cress, curry, dill, mint, parsley, sage and thyme.
Flowers such as aquilegia, calendula, cineraria, cyclamen, delphinium, foxglove, nemesia, pansy, primula, polyanthus poppy and viola.
Some things you can do to honour and mark the winter solstice in your personal practice (or with a group of likeminded individuals) can be:
- Hold a ritual signifying the balance of darkness and light and/or liminality.
- Work spells and magick which involve igniting a flame, balance or brining the light into a situation, .
- Create and light a bonfire or light a special candle carved with symbols which signify the time of year.
- Inscribe and light a Yule log in a firepit or fireplace.
- Take a walk at dusk holding a lantern.
- Bake a seasonal pie, cook a roast and make mulled wine or any other food or drink which to you symbolises the winter solstice .
- In the evening go out star gazing and seek out your local constellations.
- Honour the Gods which signify this time of year by creating a shrine or altar in their name or tending to an existing one and make offerings to them.
- Create an ice wreath in the freezer filled with flowers and herbs of the season (use a bunt cake tin) and once set place a candle in the middle of the wreath and light it to signify the winter moving out and the spring coming in.
- Use this time to cleanse your magickal tools and spaces such as shrines and altars.
- Rituals and spells involving transitions and movement.
- Reflect on your inner world and take some time to just be with yourself and listen to your inner self such as meditation, yoga, going for a walk in nature or just sitting in a space which is sacred to you and just being present.
- Use this time to recharge yourself through honouring yourself and do what you need to, to enable that reset.
- Host a feast with family or friends which can include music and dancing.
- Light black and white candles to signify the diminishing darkness and the increasing light.
- Decorate a tree (such as a xmas tree) with decorations which signify the winter solstice.
- Exchange gifts with loved ones.
- Donate to charities involving the displaced such as the homeless and refugees.
- Do something kind for someone who is alone, in pain or suffering.
- Volunteer for a charity which assists the natural world or the less fortunate.
- Divination such as rune, tarot, dice, candle wax, crystal, magick mirror or ink scrying.
So work your magick this midwinter, honour the light and the darkness within you and all around you and contemplate and manifest balance in your life.
(c) T. Georgitsis 2021
The Hekate book list I created has been updated yet again with new, upcoming or books not usually promoted:
Samhain also known as All Hallows Eve, Feast of the Dead and Halloween is the historically Gaelic festival and in a literal sense means summer’s end, marking just that – as it signifies the start of winter and the end of the harvest season. It falls between the Autumn Equinox and the Winter Solstice and is a time when the veil between the worlds is at its thinnest due to it being a liminal/threshold festival. In the 19th century it was suggested to be the “Celtic New Year” and in modern time this became the “Witches New Year”. This year in the Southern Hemisphere calendar it falls on the 5th of May at 4.36pm. Gods such as Hekate, Hades, Persephone, Osiris, Crom Cruach, Cerridwen, Lilith, Kali, Ishtar, Persephone, Oya, Innana, Pamona, Cailleach, The Morrigan, Nephtys, Rhiannon, Herne, Anubis, Odin, Bran and Cernunnos can all be honoured during this time of year.
I have celebrated Samhain with groups of people in a religious, spiritual and mundane way both here in Australia and overseas. The one thing which I found resonated with them all was the celebration of what has passed and honouring that which came before us.
One of the first memories I have during this time of year was when we were visiting my mother’s village on a small Aegean island of Greece, Lemnos (where its origins can be traced back to the Epipaleolithic Period) but its more commonly known for its (Mycenean Period) whose matriarchal line had lived on for centuries. She took me to her family’s mausoleum which from the outside looked like a mini Parthenon with walls. Once inside, the marble covered walls were lined and stacked from ceiling to floor with ledges crammed with skulls and bones. My mother with arms outstretched swept over what I was taking in said in an echoing voice that these were my ancestors and I needed to honour them and that one day she would be amongst them and I needed to remember to pay my respects.
I personally like to honour my ancestors during this time by leaving offerings for them on their ancestor shrine I have been keeping and tending to for more years than I can count. My mother was a very spiritual person and taught me to always tend to the ancestor shrine and light incense and leave offerings for them frequently. During this time since its so close to Greek Easter I make and leave coloured eggs (usually red with patterns of leaves or flowers on them like I was taught using old panty hose and dried leaves/flowers) along with other items my blessed dead liked in life.
(C) T. Georgitsis 2013
I feel that Hekate resonates with this time of the year for various reasons. This is a liminal time and this is Hekate’s domain as she can traverse the various realms (sky, earth, sea and underworld) as she easily navigates through the thresholds as well as being Goddess of the Underworld, Crossroads and Queen of the Dead and Lost Souls she can help guide.
I personally like to honour Hekate during this time and make offerings of apples, pomegranates, garlic, onions, bay leaves, mead, beer, wine, red meat such as lamb roast, wine, bread, barley, nuts, acorns, pumpkins, gourds, mushrooms, sage, nutmeg, mint, oregano, thyme, marigolds, lilies, chrysanthemums, mugwort, wormwood, dittany of crete, oak leaves, rosemary, corn, gingerbread, chestnuts and apple cider.
Since this tends to be near or after Greek easter I tend to make an apple tea cake and leave a token inside (usually a wrapped up gold coin) which I divide and serve and whomever gets the coin has the token of luck. I also like to cook items for Hekate which resonate with familial recipes so I like to bake and offer Anastasia’s Spiral Pita and Greek Kourabiethes.
- Dumb suppers such as a place for them at your table or food left for them on a ancestor shrine/altar, doorstep, property boundary, gravestone or crossroads to your blessed dead such as ancestors or other loved ones who have passed over.
- Making offerings of appeasement to lost souls.
- Connect and communicate with the spirit world.
- Divination using various methods such as scrying (crystal, fire, mirror, black ink and water), reading such as tarot, runes, dice, I Ching and pendulum.
- Rituals and spells involving protective and cleansing properties for oneself or one’s property.
- Light a hearth fire either in a fire place, outside bonfire style or a simple small fire inside using a proof vessel on a shrine such as a cauldron, lamp or even a candle.
- Collect the last harvest from your garden – be it fruit, vegetables or herbs and flowers.
- Honouring the dual nature of life and death and accepting its beauty. This includes honouring the darkness and the light as both are equally as important.
- Prepare food for the God/s you honour during this time and thank them for their gifts.
- Personally reflect on the last 12 months and take note of your accomplishments and failures and create a plan to continue with said accomplishments and rectify failures.
- Make a jack-o-lanturn from a pumpkin or gourd and place a candle inside it and when lit leave i (in safe) view of a windowsill or outside near your front door.
- Host a feast with family or friends which can include music and dancing.
- Create a shrine with images or items from your blessed dead and recite prayers and leave offerings in their name.
As is my style, I like to craft during this time of year making Hekate and ancestor beaded necklaces, anointing oils, and seasonal incense and candles. With the necklaces, I make them using my mother’s agillete (knot magic or witches ladder) and then I bless and consecrate them in my yearly Samhain ritual which you can find here:
So work your magick this Samhain, honour those who came before you and reflect and contemplate on your journey thus far taking in and celebrating the ebb and flow of the seasons and of life itself.
(c) T. Georgitsis 2021
Mabon or the Autumnal Equinox is the second harvest festival in the Southern Hemisphere calendar which is a vernal equinox meaning the hours of the day and night are approximately the same length. This year it falls on the 20th of March at 7.37pm. Mabon is named after the god of the same name in Welsh mythology but its a modern adaptation from the 1970’s. Other gods such as Pamona, the Green Man, Bachus, Dionysus, Artemis, Carpo, Hestia, Persephone, Demeter and Hekate can all be honoured during this time of year.
My mother was a wildcrafter and I have very distinct memories of her taking me foraging during this time of year. We would forage for various herbs, plants, nuts and flowers. The area I grew up in was surrounded by farmland and so there was a plethora of nature’s gifts to be found and used. On occasion we would also take day trips to forage seasonally.
I like to take long walks and see the changing of the leaves (yes I am one of those people) and I do this locally as well as around my beautiful state. I also go out foraging during this time of year and I have engaged in various foraging expeditions and would recommend the following books for those living in Melbourne/Victoria to assist you as you need to be VERY careful with what you collect and use (and if in doubt leave it be and don’t risk poisoning yourself):
- The Weed Forager’s Handbook: A Guide to Edible and Medicinal Weeds in Australia by Adam Grubb and Annie Raser Rowland.
- Wild Food Plants of Australia Paperback by Tim Low.
I feel that Demeter resonates with this time of the year. This is the time when Demeter withdraws her creative powers from the earth as Persephone descends into the underworld. I also feel that Hekate also resonates with this time of year especially since its a liminal time – a day of equal day and night and Hekate’s ability to dwell within those times.
I personally like to honour Demeter as well as Hekate during this time and make offerings of wine, grapes, bread, grains: corn, oats and barley, nuts, acorns, apples, pomegranates, onions, poppies, mushrooms, dandelions, nettles, marrow, chickweed, black berries, oak leaves, vine leaves and herbal teas.
I like to cook with seasonal foods and for Hekate and Demeter I like to bake and offer Cheese Garlic and Thyme Bread , Garlic and Saffron Risotto (I substitute the rice for barley and the butter for Nuttlex) and Apple Tea Cake (I substitute milk with soy/almond/oat milk and butter with Nuttlex)
- Rituals and spells involving balance within or outside of yourself such as removing an addiction and replacing it with a healthy lifestyle change.
- Rituals and spells involving mourning something lost – to be able to better accept this loss.
- Honouring the dual nature of life and accepting its beauty. This includes honouring the darkness and the light as both are equally as important.
- Prepare food for the God/s you honour during this time and thank them for their gifts.
- Cleanse and purify your home and garden.
- Gardening such as blessing and sowing autumnal seeds specific to your region and/or fertilising and turning the earth.
- Go foraging with friends (ensuring you are very careful and don’t collect anything poisonous or which has been sprayed with chemicals) or alternatively book a local guided wild forager tour (such as mushroom or herbs/plants) or go apple picking at a local orchard.
- Like Demeter go for a wander – take a long walk in the woods or somewhere where you feel close to the gods and spirits of your local land.
As is my style, I like to craft during this time of year making abundance pouches which I fill with various items which symbolises abundance to me, along with cleansing washes, blessing oils, and seasonal God/dess incense.
I would like to share with you a Hekate Incense I came up with which I love and resonates with this time of year and which I urge you to try your hand at making:
Hekate’s Autumnal Incense (C) T. Georgitsis
1 Part Dehydrated (or oven dried) Apple Peel
1 Part Dehydrated (or oven dried) Pomegranate Peel
1 Part Pine Resin
1-3 Sprinkle of Cinnamon (or crushed cinnamon stick).
Since I love to perform rituals to honour Hekate, I like to mark the date with a ritual in her name. Here is a hymn I wrote to Demeter and Hekate for my devotional rites which I would also like to share with you:
Autumnal Hymn to Demeter and Hekate (C) T. Georgitsis
Great Goddess Demeter
I thank you for your bounty
You who separates the chaff from the grain
I pray to you so that my life be full of boons
Madam of the Sacred Law
Encourage and protect me as I work its mysteries
Great Goddess Hekate
I thank you for your guidance
You who perceives the cycles of life and death
I pray to you so that my life be full of blessings
Madam of Magick
Encourage and protect me as I walk its path
So work your magick this equinox and engage in some activities which can bring you in closer connection to your Gods and the cycle of the earth.
(c) T. Georgitsis 2021
I have updated this list to include new or upcoming books or ones I feel should be included in Hekate related books 😀
Some (if not most) devotees, priests, witches, magicians and practitioners of Hekate love to find out more about her from a historical, modern, personal, religious and magical point of view. They love to read and research Hekate, and therefore tend to devour everything they can find, which is written and discussed on Her.
For me personally, I like to collect books on Hekate for my personal library. I do this so I can understand academic’s research and study on Hekate as well as individual’s personal experience and interpretation on her. I love to read how Hekate manifests for others who have a deep interest, love and respect for Hekate. Although I don’t necessarily agree or resonate with everything I read, I find it expands my perspective and knowledge about her in a more well rounded way.
Over the last few years I have noticed more books being written on Hekate which can…
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Many create resolutions at the beginning of the new year. These resolutions can include getting rid of a bad habits or introducing a good one. Resolutions tend to be created and promises made – which usually (if not always) fall by the wayside.
This is why I as I have described before I personally do not create resolutions. What I like to do is set intentions of what I want to undergo for the year with the focus being on what new “experience” I want to learn or immerse myself in.
Last year what quite an intense one and as such most of my time was spent on survival and self-care.
My focus for the year is listed below in bold, whilst my achievements are listed beneath with supporting lists, links or photographs.
Read and re-read books which inspire and/or move me:
I didn’t read as many books as I usually do due to spending a lot of time reading academic papers on Academia as well as subscribing to Medium and reading various articles there by independent writers.
Support more artists creating hand-made/self-published items born from their hard work, research, study and/or imagination:
Support a charity I resonate with:
Visit somewhere I haven’t been before which has a spirit of place:
Dromana Beach (been there as a child but not as an adult).
Mornington peninsular (visited various places of the area).
Complete a workshop/course which is connected to my interests, passions and causes I like to support:
Handwriting Course (Cursive)
Self Publishing Workshop
Create something magical which feeds and inspires my practice:
Painting with acrylics – submitted and accepted to Gallery Exhibit 5 x 9 (painting sold)
Photography of Spirit of Place – submitted and accepted to Optica 2020 Exhibit
Card Making with Kemetic, Hellenic, Magical and Witch Themes
Letter Writing by Hand
Journalling which included a pandemic diary, magical spell book, magical grimoire and poetic journal with mixed media, watercolour, acrylic and ink drawings.
Blogging – Occult/Magical and Creative Writing
Craft Making (candles, soap, anointing oils, incense blends, herb bundles)
Cooking various new meals which includes celebratory offerings
Created new spells utilising Greek Folk Magic practises
Planted more herbs and focused on cultivating and preserving ones used in Greek and Egyptian magic.
Attended Conference with a Magical/Spiritual Slant :
HoN End of Year Festivities – Epagomenial Days & Wep Ronpet
LIFE is about experiences and the way I feel when I – create, visit or support something which inspires and uplifts me. I find its easier to get energised and complete set objectives if I find personal purpose within the task before me.
Therefore my suggestion for those wanting to set resolutions who then struggle to fulfil them, is to instead write a wish list of intentions, of things you would like to do – to feed your soul and go from there. That way there is less pressure as the focus is more pleasure in your life.
(C) T Georgitsis – all images and text 2020
Lammas or Lughnasadh is the first autumn festival in the Southern Hemisphere calendar. This year it falls on the 4th of February at 12.40am. I was introduced to this festival when I studied Wicca back in my teens and then was exposed to a celebration of it when I was in my first Wiccan coven in my early 20’s.
Historically its a Celtic festival which celebrates the First Harvest of the Fruits such as apples, grapes, tomatoes, peaches, plums but also celebrates the harvest of the first grain, wheat, oats and corn. Therefore traditionally the fruit gathered is made into preserves and the grains and corn made into bread or cakes.
I grew up with an immigrant Greek family and during this time of year they would make large stores of Passata due to it being used so often in their cooking. My father also made home made moonshine using whatever was abundant and in season as well as his own wine and beer. My mother made Pita from home grown spinach and/or horta and fennel, stuffed vine leaves and also various Greek shortbreads and cakes. They would both share what they made with family and friends as it was common practice where they grew up and brought that tradition here to Australia when they immigrated.
These days I continue a version of their traditions as I infuse store bought wine with homegrown Greek herbs, make passata from the tomatoes out of my garden, as well as bake traditional Greek village bread and Greek biscuits using organic ingredients. I have also used this time for years to make plum jam from my garden’s Victorian heirloom organic plums (due to the trees originally being part of a farm in the area before it was sub-divided into housing). These items created from the seasonal harvest are offered to my Gods, Ancestors and loved ones where appropriate.
Due to been heavily influenced by the way I was raised, my rituals are a mix of honouring my personal Gods, ancestors and also honouring the land I live on. I see this as a perfect blend of personal devotion as someone who works with the Gods, local spirits and venerates her ancestors in a modern way. I don’t have any strong connection to the God Lugh, typically honoured during this time of year, so I personally use it as a harvest festival and honour my household Gods: Hekate with a libation set aside to Hestia. Other Gods which I have honoured during his time include Persephone, Demeter, Mercury and Apollo.
If like me if you honour any of the above Gods, you can make Greek shortbread or cheesecake for Hekate, pomegranate infused cakes or salads for Persephone, honey or sesame biscuits for Demeter, home made wine for Mercury and home made beer for Apollo.
Its also a good time to make and dedicate devotional items you have crafted yourself over the summer. I tend to make and dedicate items to specific Gods utilising items from my garden due to it resonating with the vibe of the season and festival. Growing a lot of herbs, the ones which are in season, I collect preserve and store them for future use in Hekate’s name for various magical purposes. I also collect resin, bark, leaves and branches from some of my trees to be used in items such as incense, waters, oils and magical tools.
I feel magically used crafts such as candles and incense are perfect to infuse with the energies of the season especially if we are able to harness these energies and channel them into the items. I also tend to make preserves which I use in offerings thorough the remainder of the year
Also its a good time to acknowledge the ancestors and leave them some food offerings as a form of ancestor veneration. I usually leave some food they liked in life such as kalamata olives, feta, stuffed vine leaves my mother taught me to make along with some Greek coffee which I can scry and divine with.
So even though the Hekate and Ancestral traditions of spirituality and magick I work, doesn’t sound like it fits exactly within the Lammas/Lughnasadh festival – I make it work for me and you can too as the most important thing I feel is devotion and dedication to your path whatever form that takes.
(c) T. Georgitsis 2020
The best time to honor Hekate is the Deipnon and Noumenia. With that said, every year I create an Athenian Calendar to calculate the Deipnon and Noumenia using the Southern Hemisphere New Moons, to ensure my devotions are on the right evenings for my location. This is calculated by the start off point of the Summer Solstice in Greece of that particular year.
The Athenian Calendar also known as the Attic Calendar was a lunisolar calendar used during the classical period of Ancient Greece during the 4th and 5th Centuries BC. It was exclusively used in Athens at the time and each month starts at the first sighting of the new moon, with the year beginning just after mid-summer. It’s become a modern go to for practicing Hellenics and as such, what we use and have today is a reconstruction of what they used around 300-500 BC. I have superimposed this Athenian Calendar over our modern Gregorian one, to loosely create a festival calendar of 12 months based on the cycle of the moon which starts at the beginning of the Athenian year – on the summer solstice in Athens. The names of the months reflect the gods and festivals honoured at that time and have agricultural links to the planting or harvesting of food in the northern hemisphere.
Here is what the yearly Athenian Calendar basically looks like:
1 Hekatombaion (Ἑκατομβαιών) July/August
2 Metageitnion (Μεταγειτνιών) August/September (named after Apollo)
3 Boedromion (Βοηδρομιών) September/October
4 Pyanepsion (Πυανεψιών) October/November
5 Maimakterion (Μαιμακτηριών) November/December (named after Zeus)
6 Poseideon (Ποσειδεών) December/January
7 Gamelion (Γαμηλιών) January/February
8 Anthesterion (Ἀνθεστηριών) February/March (named after the festival of Anthesteria)
9 Elaphebolion (Ἑλαφηβολιών) March/April
10 Mounichion (Μουνιχιών) April/May
11 Thargelion (Θαργηλιών) May/June
12 Skirophorion (Σκιροφοριών) June/July
Every month lasts for approximately 29-30 days in total. Each month is broken up into 10 days of three which reflect the moon phases in the following order: Waxing, Full and Waning Moons.
Days 1 to 8 were all sacred to gods or spirit entities and the last day of the month, known as “hene kai nea” translated as “the old and the new”, is dedicate to Hekate as it’s her Deipnon along with the first day of the month, Noumenia which is also dedicated to Hekate.
Here are the details of those 8 sacred days in the Athenian Calendar month:
Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon)
Day 2: Agathos Daimon
Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros
Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
Day 29-30: Deipnon
To get you all started with adapting the Athenian Calendar to the Gregorian one, here is the Athenian Calendar I created for 2021, calculated for Southern Hemisphere practitioners:
21 June 2020 (12.43am), = Summer Solstice in Greece (Winter Solstice in Australia 21st June 7.43am AEST)
1 Hekatombaion (Ἑκατομβαιών)
21 July – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 3.32am Athenian New Year
22 July – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
23 July – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
24 July – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros
26 July – Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
27 July – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
28 July – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
17-18 August – Day 29-30: Deipnon
2 Metageitnion (Μεταγειτνιών) (named after Apollo)
19 August – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 12.41pm
20 August – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
21 August – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
22 August – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros
24 August – Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
25 August – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
26 August – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
15-16 September – Day 29-30: Deipnon
3 Boedromion (Βοηδρομιών)
17 September – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 9.00pm
18 September – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
19 September – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
20 September – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros
22 September – Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
23 September – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
24 September – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
15-16 October – Day 29-30: Deipnon
4 Pyanepsion (Πυανεψιών)
17 October – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 6.31am
18 October – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
19 October – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
20 October – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros
22 October – Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
23 October – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
24 October – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
13-14 November – Day 29-30: Deipnon
5 Maimakterion (Μαιμακτηριών) (named after Zeus)
15 November – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 4.07pm
16 November – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
17 November – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
18 November – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros
20 November – Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
21 November – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
22 November – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
13-14 December – Day 29-30: Deipnon
6 Poseideon (Ποσειδεών)
15 December – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 3.06am
28 November – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
29 November – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
30 November – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros
2 December – Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
3 December – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
4 December – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
12-13 January – Day 29-30: Deipnon
7 Gamelion (Γαμηλιών)
13 January – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 4.00pm
14 January – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
15 January – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
16 January – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros
18 January – Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
19 January – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
20 January – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
10-11 February – Day 29-30: Deipnon
8 Anthesterion (Ἀνθεστηριών) (named after the festival of Anthesteria)
12 February – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 6.05am
13 February – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
14 February – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
15 February – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Erosc
17 February- Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
18 February – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
19 February – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
11-12 March – Day 29-30: Deipnon
9 Elaphebolion (Ἑλαφηβολιών)
13 March – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 9.21pm
14 March – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
15 March – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
16 March – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Erosc
18 March – Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
19 March – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
20 March – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
10-11 April – Day 29-30: Deipnon
10 Mounichion (Μουνιχιών)
12 April – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 12.30pm
13 April – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
14 April – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
15 April – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Erosc
17 April – Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
18 April – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
19 April – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
10-11 May – Day 29-30: Deipnon
11 Thargelion (Θαργηλιών)
12 May – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 4.59am
13 May – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
14 May – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
15 May – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Erosc
17 May – Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
18 May – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
19 May – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
8-9 June – Day 29-30: Deipnon
12 Skirophorion (Σκιροφοριών)
10 June – Day 1: Noumenia (New Moon) 8.52pm
11 June – Day 2: Agathos Daimon
12 June – Day 3: Athena’s Birthday
13 June – Day 4: Heracles, Hermes, Aphrodite and Erosc
15 June – Day 6: Artemis’ Birthday
16 June – Day 7: Apollo’s Birthday
17 June – Day 8: Poseidon and Theseus (Mikalson 1975: 24)
8-9 July – Day 29-30: Deipnon
(C) T. Georgitsis 2021